Sapodilla is a delicious and nutritious fruit. In addition, the bark, leaves and green fruit are also used to treat diarrhea, indigestion, stop bleeding, prevent tooth decay and clean urine. There are many types of sapodilla such as sapodilla, Thailand, Taiwan, China, sapodilla with mango….So which kind of sapodilla is the best? We invite you to find out through the following article!
Types of sapodilla plants
Sapodilla is a woody plant, 2-10 m tall, perennial. The body has a gray-brown bark, inside there is a lot of white latex. The branches are usually steep, when young the leaves and branches are often covered with hairs. Leaves alternate, oval, hairless, with many small veins on the leaf surface.
The leaves tend to grow close together at the tips of the branches, usually about 4-5 mm apart. Flowers solitary white, peduncle hairy brown, peduncle 1-2 cm long. The fruit is large, the skin is chocolate color, the flesh is sandy, inside there are 3-5 black seeds, glossy and slightly flattened. The tree flowers and bears fruit almost all year round.
Parts used for sapodilla
The seeds, bark, and green fruit of the sapodilla plant are used medicinally. Sapodilla fruit has a sweet and aromatic taste and should be eaten as a regular fruit or used to make smoothies. In Mexico, people harvest the sap of the sapodilla tree to make chewing gum (gum gum).
Sapodilla is a plant that grows naturally in Mexico and some South American countries. This tree was introduced to our country many years ago and is grown mainly for its fruit.
It is harvested almost year-round and is mostly fresh.
Sapodilla contains many different chemical components, including:
Seeds contain hydrocyanic acid and 23% fatty oils; 100 g sapodilla contains 0.44 g protein, 1.10 g fat, 0.8 mg iron, 60 IU beta carotene, 12 mg phosphorus, 21 mg calcium, 0.02 mg riboflavin (vitamin B2), 0.037 mg of pyridoxine (vitamin B6), and pantothenic acid. (Vitamin B5). ) 0.252 mg, potassium 193 mg, vitamin C 14.7 mg, ..
Green fruit and resin contain 1.7% carbohydrates, 40% resins, 35% water and other substances. The young bark contains alkaloids, tannins and saponins.
Chinese, Taiwanese sapodilla and how to distinguish it from tamarind
Vietnamese sapodilla is usually lighter in color, but not as beautiful as Chinese and Taiwanese sapodilla. Due to the nature of persimmons that are soaked in chemicals, the peel is often soaked in paint to make it shiny and dark in color. Therefore, if you are seeing dark colored fruits, do not buy them.
Thai sapodilla can be grown in Vietnam because it is suitable for our climate. Some of the characteristics of this cultivar are:
Sapodilla fruit is 17 cm in size, with an elongated shape.
The weight is much heavier than a normal sapodilla. Red meat looks very nice.
It is very tasty and sweet so you can enjoy the full flavor of sapodilla without getting sick.
Thai sapodilla compared to our sapodilla is healthier, more productive, so it is grown by many people and is gradually being replaced by the old sapodilla varieties. Harvest time is usually 18 months after planting.
The nutritional value of Thai sapodilla includes: Vitamin A 1.5 times more than common types. It is also rich in iron, magnesium, sugar and fiber. A fruit that provides energy and nutrients to help the body stay healthy and increase resistance.
Drinking Thai sapodilla regularly helps the bone and joint system, the digestive system to work healthy, prevent cancer.
However, the Thai sapodilla variety is quite expensive. Therefore, many people switch to buying seeds for nursery and planting to replace plant varieties.
Siamese mango hybrid
Characteristics of mango sapodilla compared with tamarind
Sapodilla mango is a new fruit tree species introduced to Vietnam. Compared with some traditional sapodilla varieties, mango sapodilla has many advantages, including:
Large fruit weight: 300-400 grams
Fruit ovoid, thin, smooth, beautiful. The meat is tender when cooked, has a rich sweet taste. The average selling price is stable from 30 to 40 thousand VND/kg
Fast fruiting: After 12 months of grafting, fruit can be produced
Long tree life: 15 to 20 years. The average yield is 30-40 tons/ha. The tree is resilient and resistant to diseases, so it is less susceptible to pests and diseases. The plant can grow on many different types of soil, including hilly, sandy and mixed sandy soils. However, sandy loam soil is the best choice.
The art of growing sapodilla and mango
Plants should be planted in the spring crop around February and March in the North; and in the rainy season around April and May in the south.
Siamese sapodilla or mango sapodilla are also varieties that like hot and humid climates, do not need irrigation; Just plant in a place with relatively uniform annual rainfall from 1,500 to 4,000 mm. If the temperature drops below 15-17°C, the plant will not be able to flower.
sapodilla Mango hybrids can be grown from seed, but they will bear fruit as soon as they are grown from grafted or extracted trees.
To plant a sapodilla, you need to choose the right time; Preferably in a cool, moist place. Use a sharp knife to cut the potting bag (so as not to break the pot), place the seedling in the center of the hole, cover the root neck with soil and press firmly. After planting, it is necessary to water immediately to avoid drying out and to ensure that the roots are in good contact with the soil.
The canopy is wide, so for mass planting, you need to ensure that the rows are about 7-10 m apart; and for large areas, the trees are spaced 6-8 m apart.
Above is some information about sapodilla, Thailand, China, Taiwan and mango hybrid sapodilla. Hope the above article has provided you with useful information. If you need to buy imported fruits, organic products good at home and abroad…. you can contact ROOTS right through the hotline number 082 333 6868 Please!